Germany and Afghanistan - Bilateral relations

Germany and Afghanistan share a long history of positive bilateral relations, whose beginning was marked by the expedition of a legation sent by the German Emperor in 1915 in order to forge ties with Afghanistan and to draw it into the First World War on the side of the Central Powers. The mission was not successful, but it laid the groundwork for the bilateral relations between the two countries. The foundation of the German secondary school in Kabul at the beginning of the 1920s was a good example of the great interest both countries had in each other from the start. President Karzai welcoming President Gauck with military honours in the President’s Palace Enlarge image President Karzai welcoming President Gauck with military honours in the President’s Palace (© picture-alliance / dpa) As early as 1926, bilateral relations were laid down in writing by the Treaty of Friendship between Germany and Afghanistan. After the Second World War, relations between the two nations intensified on all levels. Many Afghans studied in Germany, while German lecturers taught at Afghan universities. Today, Germany is second home to around 100,000 Afghans.

Following war, civil war and the fall of the Taliban regime, it was only natural for Germany to support Afghanistan on its road towards a new democratic future. Since the first conference on Afghanistan, which was held at Petersberg close to Bonn in December 2001, Germany has expressly supported the political process that will lead Afghanistan towards a stable and peaceful future. Milestones of the Bonn process, which was concluded by Afghanistan’s first parliamentary elections in 2005, were the adoption of a modern constitution committed to human and civil rights and the election of a President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan legitimised by popular vote.

Germany supports reconstruction in Afghanistan. “Germany has provided more development aid funding to Afghanistan than it has to any other country in the world,” Federal Foreign Minister Steinmeier said during his visit to Kabul on 30 August 2015. Against the background of a strategy of a “handover of responsibilities” and commitments made by the Afghan Government at conferences in London, Kabul and Tokyo in the fields of governance and the fight against corruption, the German Government has raised its financial commitments since 2010 to 430 million euros per annum until the end of 2016. Visit of the President of Afghanistan, Dr. Ashraf Ghani in Berlin, 02.12.2015. Enlarge image (© picture alliance / Sven Simon) In the field of security, the other pillar of its support, Germany has been part of the NATO mission Resolute Support (RSM), in which it has assumed responsibility for the base at Mazar-e Sharif in northern Afghanistan with the help of 20 partner countries. Germany provides 980 soldiers within the framework of RSM. The mission’s tasks are to provide training, guidance and support to the Afghan security forces. Furthermore, Germany provides support in the form of bilateral police cooperation (German Police Project Team, GPPT), including advisory services and support for the command level of the Afghan National Police (ANP), Afghan National Police Academy, and the border police at Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif airport.

Germany and Afghanistan are celebrating 100 years of bilateral relations in 2015/16. The beginning of the anniversary year was marked by Foreign Minister Steinmeier’s visit to Kabul in August 2015. The visit by Afghan President Ashraf Ghani to Berlin from 1 to 3 December 2015, during which he held talks with Federal President Gauck, Federal Chancellor Merkel and Foreign Minister Steinmeier. was the highlight of the celebrations. Federal Minister of Defence von der Leyen and Federal Minister of the Interior de Maizière visited Kabul in December 2015 and February 2016 respectively and assured the Afghan Government of Germany’s continued support.

Ambassador Sparwasser with Afghan Members of Parliament

Visit of the Special Representative to Kabul

Ambassador Sabine Sparwasser, the Special Representative of the Federal Government for Afghanistan and Pakistan, visited Kabul on October 20 and 21. During her visit she met with President Ashraf Ghani and representatives of the Afghan Government, and with members of the international community.

Flaggen vor dem Europa-Parlament in Straßburg

05.10.2016: Brussels Conference on Afghanistan

On 5 October, up to 70 countries and 30 international organizations will attend the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan.

International contact group meeting for Afghanistan in Istanbul

Meeting of the International Contact Group on Afghanistan Istanbul, Turkey, 5 June 2016

Members of the International Contact Group (ICG) met on 5 June 2016 in Istanbul to discuss the political, security, and economic situation in Afghanistan.

Ms. Zainab receives the award

Afghan Woman of the Year Award 2016

For the third consecutive year, the embassies of Germany and France in Afghanistan awarded, on March 8, International Day of Women's Rights, the Franco-German Prize for Afghan Woman of the Year.

Federal Minister of the Interior Dr. Thomas de Maiziere, Ambassador Markus Potzel and President Dr. Ashraf Ghani

Minister of the Interior visits Afghanistan

On 1 and 2 February 2016, the Federal Minister of the Interior, Dr Thomas de Maizière, visited the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, where he held political talks and learned about German-Afghan police cooperation in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif.

Ein deutscher Polizeibeamter verfolgt den Unterricht afghanischer Grenzpolizisten in Masar-i-Scharif.

Rebuilding police forces

Germany is helping create structures that will enable the Afghan police force to advance its development on its own responsibility. The main focus of German and international assistance in support of these efforts is training, advice and equipment.

Germany and Afghanistan

Visit of the President of Afghanistan, Dr. Ashraf Ghani in Berlin, 02.12.2015

Progress report on Afghanistan

At a demonstration in Kabul

The purpose of the German Government’s progress reports is to provide information to the German Bundestag. They describe the current situation in the country, outline the international engagement and provide an overview of forthcoming events. Germany is and will remain one of Afghanistan’s most important partners.

Information of Federal Foreign Office and Federal Government on Afghanistan

Afghanistan Conference in Bonn

Afghanistan must not revert to its former role as a refuge for international terrorists. This is why Germany and the international community are helping Afghanistan to become a stable country whose people can live in safety and determine their own future.